Indian Hindustani Classical Music - Note 1-0-1 Notes staircase


Nilanjan (Neel) Sarkar    ::     http://www.neels-nirvana.com



The standard keyboard scale in Western notation :



This is a picture ( from the internet ) with labels for the Indian music notations





 Note that the notation that I use  are slightly different  and more scientific :)  well I think !
(1)
I use the SUBSCRIPT "_"  underline for the Mandra Saptak ( lower octave )   and the
SUPERSCRIPT  " ̄"   line on top for the Tar  saptak ( higher octave )

 [ it is easier for writing on paper and way more easier for understanding , but might be difficult to type as I am facing....i still prefer it ]

(2)  I use "m" for Tivra (sharp) Ma   and "M" for the shuddh ( regular pure) Ma


so the notes would be :looking like 

                                                  -   -   -   -  -    -   -   =
S R G M P D N  SRGMPDN  S R G M P  D  N  S
-  -   -   -  -   -   -


One critical idea which is very scientific and is core to the Indian music is the fact that the system is a relative scale or a sliding scale.
In other words the Sa, Re,Ga,Ma etc are names of the notes on the relative scale and not fixed frequencies as C3 is in Western notation a fixed frequency. In Indian music Sa,Re,Ga,Ma are  actually equivalent to the 1st(root) , 2nd, 3rd ,4th etc notes of the scale.
So if you are playing or singing in the Key of C then
Sa, Re,Ga... etc are same as C,D,F...etc, but you can switch to Key of D then Sa,Re,Ga... will become representative for D,E,F#... and so on applicable to any key.

Now the concept of Raga comes in which is a very very complex pattern or loose structures defined within which you can improvise. The ragas can be loosely thought of as major, minor, pentatonic, etc scales but there are a few hundred of them.

More on this in my later posts....


Indian Hindustani Classical Music - Note 1-0-2 Some basic palta


Nilanjan (Neel) Sarkar    ::     http://www.neels-nirvana.com


I am assuming you read and practiced the previous notes on my introduction to singing using Indian classical music.
This lesson notes will teach you some vocal exercise phrases a.k.a Palta or Alankars .
The notations are also defined in previous notes on this topic.


  • These are to be sung / vocalised along with beat and with a steady tempo .
  • Start with a slower tempo and gradually in later repetitions speed up the tempo.
  • Repeat these 20 to 30 times at different speeds
  • try a metronome or keyboard with preset beat patterns
  • The ones listed below are for the full scale ( all notes ) but later we can do other scales like minor scales or other raga based options for these with specific selected notes only omitting certain notes based on the raga.


1.      4 beats , 3 notes
SRG- , RGM- , GMP- , MPD- , PDN- , DNS- , ----
SND-, NDP- , DPM- , PMG- , MGR-, GRS- ,
          3 bets , 3 notes
SRG , RGM , GMP , MPD , PDN , DNS , ---
SND, NDP , DPM , PMG , MGR, GRS ,

2.   8 beats   ( or 4 beats each half note)
SRSRG--- , RGRGM---, GMGMP---, MPMPD--- , PDPDN--- , DNDNS---
SNSND---, NDNDP---,DPDPM---, PMPMG---, MGMGR---, GRGRS---


3.  8 beats   ( or 4 beats each half note)
SRGRG--- , RGMGM--- , GMPMP--- , MPDPD--- , PDNDN--- , DNSNS---
SNDND--- , NDPDP---, DPMPM--- , PMGMG--- , MGRGR--- , GRSRS---

4. 4 beats
SRSS, RGRR, GMGG, MPMM, PDPP ,DNDD, NSNN, SRSS
SNSS , NDNN, DPDD ,PMPP, MGMM , GRGG ,RSRR , SNSS

5 4 beats
SRGG , RGMM, GMPP, MPDD, PDNN ,DNSS
SNDD ,NDPP, DPMM ,PMGG, MGRR, GRSS

6
SG , RM ,GP ,MD, PN ,DS
SD, NP, DM ,PG , MR , GS