Nilanjan (Neel) Sarkar :: http://www.neels-nirvana.com
The standard keyboard scale in Western notation :
This is a picture ( from the internet ) with labels for the Indian music notations
Note that the notation that I use are slightly different and more scientific :) well I think !
I use the SUBSCRIPT "_" underline for the Mandra Saptak ( lower octave ) and the
SUPERSCRIPT "￣" line on top for the Tar saptak ( higher octave )
[ it is easier for writing on paper and way more easier for understanding , but might be difficult to type as I am facing....i still prefer it ]
(2) I use "m" for Tivra (sharp) Ma and "M" for the shuddh ( regular pure) Ma
so the notes would be :looking like
- - - - - - - =
S R G M P D N SRGMPDN S R G M P D N S- - - - - - -
One critical idea which is very scientific and is core to the Indian music is the fact that the system is a relative scale or a sliding scale.
In other words the Sa, Re,Ga,Ma etc are names of the notes on the relative scale and not fixed frequencies as C3 is in Western notation a fixed frequency. In Indian music Sa,Re,Ga,Ma are actually equivalent to the 1st(root) , 2nd, 3rd ,4th etc notes of the scale.
So if you are playing or singing in the Key of C then
Sa, Re,Ga... etc are same as C,D,F...etc, but you can switch to Key of D then Sa,Re,Ga... will become representative for D,E,F#... and so on applicable to any key.
Now the concept of Raga comes in which is a very very complex pattern or loose structures defined within which you can improvise. The ragas can be loosely thought of as major, minor, pentatonic, etc scales but there are a few hundred of them.
More on this in my later posts....